Andrew Jackson: Conqueror of Florida Essay

799 Words Oct 23rd, 2010 4 Pages
Andrew Jackson: Conqueror of Florida In the early 1800’s, Spain had little control of their territory south of the border of the American border, Florida. Indian tribes often raided towns in Southern American, then back to Florida to safety. America’s new mission was to seize Florida from Spain in order to protect itself from further attack. It seems that the tough and volatile Andrew Jackson was the only one to do it. Jackson’s nickname, Old Hickory, was fitting. Hickory was long held as the toughest wood in the forest, completely indestructible. Jackson lived up to his moniker. He previously earned recognition as an Indian fighter, and defeated the Creek tribes to carve out 23 million acres of land for the US, in what is now Georgia …show more content…
Jackson headed to Florida with an army of 3000 and fought many skirmishes with Indian warriors once he got there. He and his men marched to Fort Scott, GA on March 9, learning that slaves and Indians were planning an uprising. He also learned of Alexander Arbuthnot, and Englishman coming from the Bahamas to trade with Indians. Arbuthnot advised the Indians to maintain peace, however Jackson thought he was another English inciter. Leaving Fort Scott, Jackson and his men marched on to old Negro Fort, captured it, and renamed it Fort Gadsden. From Fort Gadsden the makeshift militia marched to Fort St. Marks, where Spanish commanders were supposed to cooperate with Americans, but secretly did not. On the way to Bowleg’s Town, Jackson’s army fought 2 brief skirmishes with the Seminoles. In his wake, Jackson left a string of burned Seminole villages and corpses. Robert Ambruster, a British soldier-of-fortune, came to the frontier. Jackson thought he was a foreign agent, and held him for trial. In Bowleg’s Town, a letter was found that Arbuthnot wrote warning of Jackson’s approach. Jackson held that the British were the true instigators, and thusly torched Bowleg’s Town. He returned to St. Marks, convened by a court to try Arbuthnot and Ambruster. What was to follow started an international incident. He had no international legal precedence to try them, but in the minds of Americans, he was justified.

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