Ancient History Notes Essay

5494 Words Aug 16th, 2013 22 Pages
Pharaoh: Amenhotep III

Building Program: He began his building program very early in his reign.
The Temple of Amen at Luxor; The colonnade and forecourt of this temple has been acclaimed by art historians as being the most impressive achievement of Egyptians temple architecture.
The third Pylons at Karnak He demolished the shrines and monuments of earlier pharaohs, including some of his father’s, and used the rubble to fill his new pylon. This carried a lengthy inscription praising himself and Amen. On the southern side of the temple he built a smaller pylon and set in front of it two colossal statues of himself.
Malkata Palace; 4 loosely connected palaces, residential apartments, courtyards and gardens, a small temple of Amen and
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Religious Programs:
At first, the king built a temple to his god Aten immediately outside the east gate of the temple of Amun at Karnak, but clearly the coexistence of the two cults could not last. He therefore proscribed the cult of Amun, closed the god's temples, took over the revenues. He then sent his officials around to destroy Amen’s statues and to desecrate the worship sites. These actions were so contrary to the traditional that opposition arose against him. The estates of the great temples of Thebes, Memphis and Heliopolis reverted to the throne. Corruption grew out of the mismanagement of such large levies. To make a complete break, in Year 6 the king and his queen, left Thebes behind and moved to a new capital in Middle Egypt, half way between Memphis and Thebes. It was a virgin site, not previously dedicated to any other god or goddess, and he named it Akhetaten-The Horizon of the Aten. Today the site is known as el-Amarna.
In the tomb of Ay, the chief minister of Akhenaten (and later to become king after Tutankhamun's death), occurs the longest and best rendition of a composition known as the 'Hymn to the Aten', said to have been written by Akhenaten himself. Quite moving in itself as a piece of poetry, its similarity to, and possible source of the concept in, Psalm 104 has long been noted. It sums up the whole ethos of the Aten cult and especially the concept

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