Ancient Greek Civilization: The Golden Age
At least 2000 years before Christ, on the Island of Crete emerged the first Greek Civilization. Under the leadership of a general name, Pericles, Greece reached its Golden Age or Classical Period, which was later believed to be among the greatest civilizations ever existed. During that period, the Greek culture flourished and the city-state of Athens became the world’s first democracy. Nonetheless, similarly to others, the Greek Civilization declined after invaded by outsiders; for the Greek case, it was the Kingdom of Macedonia.
II. The Emergence of Greek Golden Age 2.1. Art & Literature Ancient Greeks were shaped by religion, thus building massive and breathtaking temples or sculptures to show respects and to satisfy their gods was normal. Furthermore, the Greeks wanted to illustrate its glory and joy of movement through arts (Acropolis, n.d.). Among the spectacular piece of Greek art were Discobolos, Parthenon, and the largest temple in Greece, Temple of Olympian Zeus (University Press Inc, 2003-2012). Likewise, perhaps the greatest literatures of Ancient Greece were the epic poems, Iliad and Odyssey, written by a blind Greek poet, Homer, in 8th Century B.C. 2.2. Philosophy & Thoughts …show more content…
The crucial generals were elected to run for one year, but were eligible for re-election. They ruled as commander in chief who dominated the state’s foreign and domestic affairs as well as finance. Pericles, for instance, governed Athens for numerous years from 454 B.C. until his death in 429 B.C. (Christopher W. Blackwell, n.d.). Another was the board of 9 archons that carried religious, judicial affairs and sacrifices. On top of that, hundreds officials and civil servants other were elected annually to look after practical matters such as building roads and harbors for the polis (Ricker& Saywell,