Ancient Greece During The Archaic And Classical Period Essays

787 Words Apr 17th, 2016 4 Pages
Ancient Greece during the archaic and the classical period consisted mainly of small towns that were called “Polis”. The majority of these “Polis” or towns controlled small regions of land and were populated by some hundreds of citizens. However, the two largest “Polis” known as Athens and Sparta were much more powerful and influential than the rest. In a nutshell, Athens was a democratic and trade focused government while on the other hand Sparta was a military focused society with an oligarchy government. In this article major differences between Athens and Sparta will be examined.

Focusing on the government and on the public life the condition on the two “polis” was diametrically opposιte in many cases while the high-level structure was somewhat similar. In ancient Sparta all the decisions about the public life were taken from a small subset of around 35 citizens that consisted the “Gerousia”(30) and the “Ephors”(5). The Ephors was a set of five magistrates originating from the military that were elected annually. The Gerousia was a council of 30 citizen older than 60. Sparta also had two kings. In a case of war the one was required to go with the army while the other was required to stay at the city. Notably, the two kings had limited power since almost all of the decisions were taken from the Ephors and the “Gerousia”. In the ancient Athens on the contrary, all the male adults (20 and older) had the right to participate to the public decisions and to express their…

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