Essay on Ancient Egypt: Old, Middle, and New Kingdom
I. Thesis: Ancient Egyptians were the basis for many western traditions.
influences are noticeable in art, architecture, and religion.
II. The Old Kingdom A. Zoser, the first pharaoh. 1. built the famed Step Pyramid 2. brought unity to Egypt B. Religion 1. creation 2. gods C. Art D. Downfall of the Old Kingdom
III. The Middle Kingdom A. Pyramids B. Middle Kingdom religion 1. Myth of Osiris 2. Similarties between the myth of Osiris and Christian beliefs C. Middle Kingdom art D. Downfall of the Middle Kingdom
IV. The New Kingdom A. Valley of the Kings B. Shift in religion …show more content…
The household gods were the gods of the people; they protected the poor, who worshipped them in their own humble surroundings (David 78). These deities possessed no temples of their own and had no religious doctrines, but it was to these gods the people offered their prayers to. The local gods were usually animal, such as Bastet, the cat goddess, or Sobeck, the crocodile god. When the chief of a particular village came into state power, it was his local god that became a nationally-renowned state god. The first god to do this was Re, the sun-god. He had a steady rise in power beginning in the second dynasty, and by the fifth dynasty Re was considered the chief god of