Ancient Athens, The Birthplace Of Modern Politics Essay example

913 Words Nov 15th, 2015 4 Pages
Ancient Athens, the birthplace of modern politics, had several political transitions, notably from a monarchy, to an oligarchy, to the introduction of true democracy to it’s citizens by Cleisthenes. However, Cliesthenes, the ruler during this time, was not the sole participant in the beginning of democracy in Athens. His predecessors, Solon and Pisistratus, laid very important groundwork such as outlawing debt slavery and attempted to equate the power between the rich and the poor, respectively. Solon especially was praised by “fourth-century Greeks who regarded [him] as the father of Athenian democracy” (Ehrenberg, 67). Despite this, Cliesthenes is deemed to be the one to lay the last major foundation to pave the way in Athenian democracy; announcing every free man in Athens to be a citizen. This sudden acceptance into citizenship allows the entrance of all free men to participate openly in the newfound democratic government of Athens. Due to the political freedom of all free men, certain institutions to uphold the newly introduced democracy were introduced to Athens. The institutions of Athens embody one of the most important parts of democracy, the separation of powers. These powers, modernly separated into the executive, legislative, and judicial branches such as those found in the United States, are what intrinsically kept the democratic system so strong in ancient Athens (Aranda 18). Because Athens was a direct democracy where all laws could be voted upon, an…

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