Anatomy And Anatomy Of Anatomy Essay

809 Words Sep 18th, 2015 4 Pages
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy means the structure of the human body. Ana (making) Tomy (cutting.) Physiology means the study of normal human body’s functions. Physio (physical) Logy (study.) There are two different types of anatomy, which are Gross Anatomy and Microscopic Anatomic. Gross Anatomy refers to the structures that can be seen with the eyes. For example: the heart, the liver, and the kidneys. There are several subdivisions of Gross Anatomy such as; surface anatomy, regional anatomy, and systemic anatomy. Surface anatomy focuses on the external parts of the body. For example: legs and head. Regional anatomy focuses on all the structures in a specific region of the body. For example: examining the buccal region of the body, which includes; the teeth and the tongue. Lastly, systemic anatomy studies an entire body system. For example: to study the respiratory system, we would examine the lungs and the trachea. Microscopic anatomy refers to the structures that cannot be seen with the eyes, only through a microscope. Two of the major subdivisions are; Cytology which is the study of a single cell and histology which is the study of the tissues or group of cells.
Cell physiology is the study of functions of living cells. Special physiology is the study of specific organs. For example: the study of the heart or the lungs. Pathological physiology is the study of diseases affecting a specific organ. For example: if a person dies of scleritis, the…

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