Analyzing Erikson's Eight Stages Of Psychosocial Development

Decent Essays
Erik Erikson saw psychosocial development in a series of 8 stages. At each stage the individual faces a developmental crisis between a positive alternative and a potential unhealthy one. (K, Margetts & A, Woodfolk 2013)
Stages of conflicts are critical points in an individual’s life, helping determine personalities, egos and identity that will help them adapt for the future. Moreover, as a professional teacher I consider these ideas as practical and respond positively. With a considerable understanding of Erikson’s Psychosocial stages I am able to aid my future students to produce positive outcomes connected with these conflicting issues.
Firstly, The stages begin with Basic trust versus mistrust from birth to 12-18 months. When children are shown affection they have the impression of a secure and trust worthy surrounding. Alternatively, when shown pain and stress they accept the world as unpredictable and untrustworthy. The balance of trust with mistrust depends largely on the quality of maternal relationship (D, Davis & A, Clifton 1995).
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When children use their body physically to succeed they gain self-control and self-confidence such as, picking up toys or being toilet trained. If denied autonomy or over controlled for these actions they feel shame and self-doubt.
3rd stage is Initiative versus guilt in children 3-6 years. Children are now exploring and making sense of the outside world and using initiative. If they are encouraged and learn how to deal with people in constructive ways initiative grows. Furthermore, when punished for initiative children begin to feel guilty for their own

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