Analyzing Biopsychological Disorders Essay

1519 Words Oct 23rd, 2011 7 Pages
Analyzing Biopsychological Disorders
Bonnie Montgomery

Analyzing Biopsychological Disorders
Part A
Biopsychology is a biological approach to psychology. Historically, researchers believed that neuropsychological disorders were of the brain, and psychological disorders were of the mind. Now, psychologists understand that these distinctions do not exist. Biological approaches to psychological disorders direct psychologists to consider the active cause and effective treatments of major psychological disorders. These major psychological disorders include schizophrenia, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, and Tourette syndrome (Pinel, 2009.)
Schizophrenia is an arduous psychiatric disease. This disease is difficult to treat, and
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The CATIE trial indicates that the drug olanzapine offers more long-term effectiveness than more conventional antipsychotic drugs. The drugs risperidone, quetiapine, clozapine, and ziprasidone also displayed a longer treatment window than conventional antipsychotics. These drugs are in a class known as atypical antipsychotics. The exact mechanism of these drugs are unknown, but atypical antipsychotics bind to alpha-1, dopamine, histamine H-1, and serotonin type two receptors. The side effects of atypical antipsychotics include akathisia, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, insomnia, dry mouth, orthostatic hypotension, tremor, and weight gain (Chen, McCombs, & Jinhee, 2008.)
Part B Anxiety disorder is a chronic fear related disorder. In case two, Tom is affected by daily anxiety that affects his daily life. This subject has a seemly average family life, and a stable career. He is affected by hypochondria, and he fears problems with money and career responsibilities. Hypochondria is the preoccupation of fear of illnesses that are imagined by the patient. Hypochondria may fall under the obsessive compulsive type of anxiety, or it may be included in generalized anxiety depending on the severity and symptoms. Tom seems to be affected by generalized anxiety disorder. The indication of a happy and stable home life seems to distinguish Tom’s anxiety through the lack of precipating stimulus. The information provided about Tom’s symptoms

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