Vygotsky's Zone Of Proximal Development Theory Analysis

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Zone of Proximal Development and imaginative play are very important to enrich children’s language development. Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) theory refers to the production of educators facilitate learner’s to achieve the task that beyond their capacity (Vygotsky, 1978). Children’s current language development level revealed the matured functions, with a more capable peer’s guidance, children can mature other functions that they are unable to do by themselves so that they can arrive at the next level (Vygotsky, 1978). David’s mother introduced the words “lady” to David so that he was exposed to the new word and new contexts during this daily conversation. With mother’s introduction, David’s literacy was enhanced as he could …show more content…
Both Catherine and David’s mother asked many questions to their children. However, David’s mother had asked more open ended questions to David, while Catherine tended to ask more close ended questions in her interaction with Nadia. Open ended questions are questions that do not evoke one or two words answer but with more information and detail (Lorina, 2015). To answer the open ended questions, children cannot simply response with “yes” or “no” (Lorina, 2015). Generally, open ended questions start with “Tell me”, “What”, “How” and “Why” which require children to provide a fuller and more depth answer (Lorina, 2015). In David’s interaction with his mother, multiple open ended questions can be found such as in line 179 “Can you remember what it was about?” and in line 183 “And what happened?”. To answer these questions, David needed to construct a sentence and think of the vocabulary that is corresponding to his situation. Accordingly, open ended questions are beneficial to children’s language development as children need to answer these questions through vocabularies and creative thinking (Lorina, 2015). In contrast, closed ended questions are questions that require a yes or no answer. Closed ended questions often start with “Are you”, “Do you” and so forth which can be answered in one or few words (Lorina, 2015). In Nadia and Catherine’s conversation, Catherine asked many closed ended questions such as in line 22 “Has the lady landed at the airport?”. Although Nadia did not answer these questions, her thinking was less likely to be stimulated and her vocabulary would not be extended by these questions. Therefore, asking open ended questions is beneficial to promote children’s language development as it challenges children to think and require them to use vocabularies and phrases. While close ended questions cannot support children’s

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