Essay about Analysis Of ' The Division Of Labor '
“As soon as I was inside, I couldn’t think of anyone to call up.” (Salindger 66) Anomie is a concept used popularly by French sociologist Émile Durkheim in his book The Division of Labor in Society. It refers to a condition of "normlessness" when people are not sufficiently integrated into group life. Durkheim was interested in the shift in society from urban to industrial. He called these organic and mechanical solidarity. Organic solidarity refers to an industrialized society with a large division of labor and weak collective consciousness, whereas a mechanical solidarity refers to a more traditional society where there is little division of labor and a strong collective consciousness. Durkheim proposed that the shift from organic to mechanic was an anomic process.
Anomie is the way in which a person is drawn to do deviant acts due to a lack of social norms. A person who is not an active participant in groups exhibits anomic behavior because groups, especially large ones are a stable unit which keeps people stable. Without integration into a group, there are no norms and people enter into a state of “normlessness”. This state can cause a person to commit deviant acts.
The Catcher in The Rye written by J.D. Salindger is a book told by the protagonist, Holden Caulfield, about his past and present activities. Holden is a private school student living away from home. Holden is experiencing a transition of his own. He is still getting over and dealing with the death of…