Analysis Of The Bull-Headed Lyre

Better Essays
Ancient Mesopotamia was home to many artistic and mechanical developments. This was due to the emerging civilizations in the fourth millennium BCE. Among these creations, archaeologists discovered musical instruments, which were carefully crafted by Sumerian artists. One of the most acclaimed artifacts from ancient Mesopotamia is the Bull-Headed Lyre. The discovery of the Bull-Headed Lyre has reinvented the way that history professionals evaluate early human civilization. Conducting a visual analysis of the Bull-Headed Lyre, evaluating its discovery, and analyzing its representation of wealth can generate conclusions about the people of Ur and the culture in which they lived. Dating back to ca. 2600-2400 BCE, There is a lot of meaning behind …show more content…
There are a series of four curved expression lines that are carved above each eye. The bull’s nostrils and chin are defined by the use of soft curved lines. These soft curved lines also are used to add depth to the bull’s ears. The beard and hair is textured with a repeated sequence of wavy lines, which connect to become a spiral towards the end of each section of the beard. Straight lines are also utilized to separate each register on the front of the sound …show more content…
The warm tones from the gold and the cool tones from the lapis lazuli compliment each other to create a visually appealing piece. The gold used to construct the bull’s head varies from a rich bronze tone in the darker areas to a white gold in the areas where the light is reflected. The lapis lazuli is a deep blue stone, which adds emphasis to the bull’s features. The lapis lazuli ranges from a black with a blue undertone, to a royal blue, all the way up the spectrum to a pale baby blue depending on the light. The panel on the front of the sound box is constructed of shell and lapis lazuli, however the lapis lazuli used for the panel was much darker than that used for the bull’s features. The space of the Bull-Headed Lyre is created through the use of the third dimension. The sculpture is very dimensional by utilizing, which can be visualized through the use of concave and convex regions within the bull’s face, specifically the nose and ears. The panel underneath the bullhead forms an acute angle with the ground underneath it. This creates negative space between the bull’s beard and the panel itself, which creates the illusion of the head protruding out from the sound box as if the sound box served as the body of the

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The epic of Gilgamesh is also important because it helps modern day historians a look at ancient Mesopotamian culture. The epic includes and describes many of the major gods worshiped by ancient Mesopotamians. The Epic of Gilgamesh also shows how as a society the Mesopotamians dealt with power. The epic could be looked at as a guide to being a good member of society. The epic does this by using Gilgamesh as an example of what to do and what not…

    • 1394 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    There are some oddities that can be seen such as floating heads that appear to be from the figurines themselves. There seems to be five heads with a blue glow around the head, and share the face of the figure that has the most detail (the one on the far right). It makes sense that Dali would make the figurine that composes the bullfighters face be the most complex figurine, and have the most detailed face. There are also some Spanish elements that Dali put into this painting. A not so…

    • 1826 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Mayan Inscription History

    • 899 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In the tropics of Mesoamerica, the Mayan empire thrived from 300 CE to 900 CE (History.com). The Mayans made exceptional advances in astronomy, mathematics, and agriculture. The Temple of Inscriptions is a critical aspect of Mayan history because of its origin, discovery, and the meaning of it. The origin of the temple was important because they used glyphs and recorded their cultures for future generations to see. The discovery was significant because it led to many realizations to the world of the Mayans, and the meaning shows us that there were parts of Mayan culture that were not known to be a fundamental part of their beliefs and cultural values.…

    • 899 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    1a. Greek Mythology Historical Significance Greek Mythology began millions of years ago by civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. The people believed in higher powers, who could ultimately guide them to lives of success and wealth. They were provided with answers to questions that ultimately could not be answered by the science of that time. To this day, mythology is celebrated to be a major influence in the growth of religion, and humans.…

    • 1107 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This mahogany-based color job has been highlighted with streaks of gold at the bottom to create a beautiful balayage of woody and metallic shades. 8. Choco-Mahogany Swirl Choco-Mahogany-Swirl Image: Instagram What do you get when you swirl two rich shades of brown together? A thing of beauty. And that is exactly what you get when you have a dark chocolate shade as your base, highlighted by subtle mahogany streaks to create this sophisticated and understated…

    • 1029 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In Ghiberti’s panel, the characters are not depicted in the formerly traditional Byzantine style, but are depicted in an innovative fashion. The characters all have distinct faces and those faces are filled with relatable emotions. The characters themselves conform to much Greco-Roman sculpture that is being produced. The use of chiaroscuro, which is the use of light and shade, outlines distinct features of the forms within the panel to allow for more depth within the panel. Formerly in Byzantine art, heavy lines were used along with flat forms to create the idea of depth through the use of line, but Ghiberti uses chiaroscuro to give his three-dimensional forms a sense of life.…

    • 875 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Evidence of symbols, hunting, tool making, clothing, and strategic ways of making a god life are signs of this amazing brain (becominghuman.org). They also were one of the first to be capable of using the spoken language to communicate (becominghuman.org). Many other hominids were capable of doing many of these things but humans are by far the best at it (becominghuman.org). The evolution of the brain through our entire history is a really interesting one. Seeing the growth and development that our brain has done since our first hominid ancestor 7 million years ago to us, a modern human is fascinating.…

    • 950 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Third Paper The Aztec and the Maya are well-known Mesoamerican civilizations. These civilizations are widely known today as a result of the preserved artifacts and origin stories. Some artifacts found from the Aztec culture are pieces of stonework that depict gods, calendars, and origin stories. The most preserved and sought after artifacts are those of the Maya. The Maya civilization passed on their life work in calendars and origin stories.…

    • 1073 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Among these civilizations are Ancient Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, and Ancient India. These civilizations have made meaningful contributions to areas such as architecture and technology, and have paved the way for modern civilization. Ancient Mesopotamians made incredible advances in architecture, communication, and technology. According to Document 1, the Ancient Mesopotamians developed arches, ramps, and columns, metal tools and weapons, and the first…

    • 872 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Paleolithic Humans development of art was one of the first forms of cultural expression, one of the most significant advancements of mankind. Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow described that human’s development of art was a monumental step in Humans transcending beyond the world of animals (13). The first forms of jewelry and ornaments developed could convey emotions, be used as a status symbol, and were common gifts left at grave sites for the deceased. Rock carvings and paintings were meant to depict emotions or to communicate messages, ideas, or even warnings. The animal hybrid figurines were perhaps created to express mythical or religious ideologies, while the figurines and “Venuses” may have been made for familial or ancestral symbols (Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 20).…

    • 705 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays