Analysis Of The Book ' Gorgias ' By James H. Nicholas Jr. Essay

1519 Words Nov 28th, 2016 7 Pages
Gorgias, edited and translated by James H. Nicholas Jr., is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato in 380 B.C. In the text, Plato investigates questions on the nature of rhetoric and its relation to philosophy, politics and education as a whole. He takes in account the focus on Socrates as he discusses major political themes with him as he is a political thinker and actor in Gorgias. In engaging Plato’s Gorgias, it matters that Callicles argues that there are two types of justice-natural and conventional-because Socrates himself uses these two forms of justice to trick Polus into agreeing that doing injustice is more shameful than suffering injustice. If one speaks on the nature of justice Socrates will argue back to get one to answer in convention and if one speaks on the convention of justice Socrates will argue back to get one to answer in nature. Callicles makes it clear though that natural and conventional justice are opposites and have an effect on the way humans view what is shameful. Socrates, however, argues back with Callicles on the account that there is only one form of justice. In this paper I will defeat Callicles’ claim about two justices’ and prove that there is only one form.
Natural justice is just for the superior man and is for them to have more power to rule over the weak and better rule over the worse. Conventional justice, on the other hand, is the nomos or laws of society and it is also the unjust for one not to share or treat people equally.…

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