Analysis Of The Book ' Christopher Columbus And Hernando Cortes '

1123 Words Aug 21st, 2016 5 Pages
Throughout history, many European countries formed colonies in the Americas. The most well-known countries were, Spain, England, and France, who all claimed land and worked to serve the mother country. However, they encountered many problems such as; a lack of knowledge of the land, unknown food sources, and, the Native Americans. The two books, A People’s History of the United States, by Howard Zinn, and, A Patriot’s History of the United States, by Larry Schweikart, discussed different view about how the Natives were treated by the explorers. Zinn’s book had a critical view of the explorers and their treatment of the natives, while Schweikart’s book had a more conservative view, due to each author’s opinions and research.
In Zinn’s book, Christopher Columbus and Hernando Cortes were portrayed as a ruthless explorers. When Columbus landed in the Bahamas, he met the Arawak Tribe and said, “[The Indians] are so naive and so free with their possessions that no one who has not witnessed them would believe it. When you ask for something they have, they never say no.” Then, on Columbus’ second voyage, he forced every Arawak over 14 years old to look for gold and meet their quota every three months. If they did, then they would receive one copper coin, but, if they did not, their hands were chopped off. Zinn focused on this point history to show that Columbus was ruthless, greedy, and should not be celebrated for what he did. Cortes was perceived as ruthless because he took…

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