Analysis Of ' The Bacchae, Homer 's Odyssey, And Virgil 's The Odyssey

1271 Words Dec 15th, 2016 6 Pages
The definition of the word religion is the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods. The Greeks and Romans, during the Trojan War, prayed, and made sacrifices to their gods, to better their chances of winning the war, or simply beating their opponent; in literature, the relationship between gods and devotees are portrayed much differently. Even though the stories contain different religions, Euripides’s the Bacchae, Homer’s the Odyssey, and Virgil’s the Aeneid discusses religion in terms of personal needs, or popularity, amongst the gods, rather than devotion and good deeds. The Bacchae by Euripides is an ancient Greek tragedy based on the myth of King Pentheus of Thebes and his mother, Agave, and their punishment by the god, Dionysus, who happens to be Pentheus’ cousin. In the opening dialogue of the play, he says, “For my mother 's sisters have acted badly, something they, of all people, should avoid. They boasted aloud that I, Dionysus, was no child of Zeus, claiming Semele, once she was pregnant by some mortal man, attributed her bad luck in bed to Zeus, a story made up (they said) to trick Cadmus.” (Bacchae, 1) Dionysus decides to punish the city of Thebes for the slander committed to his mother’s name because his aunts believe that he is not the son of Zeus, and to punish the city-state for refusing to allow people to worship him. The fact that Dionysus’s mortal relatives deny that he is a god is one of the brewing…

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