Analysis Of The African Leopard
The dominant “A” allele represents the presence of the normal leopard coat color. The control group is left in its normal environment, but the treatment group is gradually forced into heavily forested areas by human encroachment and poaching.
For this experiment, PopG was used to predict allele trends in the ten African Leopard populations. The control group tested along side the treatment group had the default fitness values of 1.0 for the AA genotype, 1.0 for the Aa genotype, and 1.0 for the aa genotype. For the treatment, the populations had altered fintess values. The treatment fitness values were 0.8 for the AA genotype, 0.8 for the Aa genotype, and 1.0 for the aa genotype. The experiment was run ten times for each group and with ten generations simulated. The overall trend was that the treatment group always lost the dominant “A” allele by the thirty eighth generation and the control group never lost the dominant “A” allele. These results confirm the alternative hypothesis. The change in habitat of the African Leopard caused by poaching and human encroachment does have an effect on the populations’ allele frequency. With the decrease of fitness for the Dominant “A” allele, which phenotypically displays the normal colored leopard coat, a darker coat (the recessive “a” allele) becomes much more favored for