Analysis Of Sophocles 'Oedipus The King'

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In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles many different characters go and visit the Oracle at Delphi. The Oracle that Oedipus went to offers advice or a prophecy that has come directly from the gods. Before the play had even begun, Oedipus went to the oracle to receive advice about where his family came from. This is stated in the text where it said “the god dismissed by question with reply; he spoke of other things. Some were unbearable: as that I should lie with my own mother… and that I should be my father’s murderer (Sophocles 213). At the start of the play the entire city of Thebes were under a plague and wanted Oedipus to help them. This is stated in the text on page 206 when it says “learn there, if he can, what act of pledge of mine …show more content…
The last line of the play states “life, at his death, a memory without pain” (Sophocles 262). This means that the person can state that his life was without any memories that caused them pain. The lesson that they teach the audience during the play would be that nobody should hold superiority in their life because it might be all washed away very quickly. This relates to Oedipus in several ways. One way that it relates to him would be when it says “Great Oedipus, O powerful King of Thebes (Sophocles 205). This relates to Oedipus because at the beginning of the play he holds a lot of pride in himself, but at the nearing the end of the play he has lost most of that pride as it states on page 253 “the kind ripped from her gown the golden brooches that were her ornament, and raised them, and plunged then straight into his own eyeballs” (Sophocles 253). When Oedipus had done this he had blinded himself and had to depend on the people of his city and the people around him for help. In the play when it says on page 251 “fortunes are most changed, his fallen to a low slave ground under bitter fate” (Sophocles 251). Oedipus had lived a desired live that he wanted to live in until his own fate caused him to have a downfall. When he had his downfall he felt very sad about it as it states on page 262 …show more content…
I personally think that Oedipus was a man with free will. The first place where fate was shown would be in scene one. Fate is shown in scene one when Oedipus is having a confrontation with Teiresias about his the information he knows about the murder of King Laius. Teiresias tries to avoid by telling that fate will force out the truth from him. He states this in the play when he says “I say that you are the murderer whom you seek” (Sophocles 216). In the play, during scene one Oedipus uses hamartia is several different ways in the course of the play. When we showed his hamartia he could have used his mental vision and prevent himself from speaking out of turn when he is angry and someone or something. There were also some parts were he let his anger take him over. This happened when he killed King Laius at the crossroads and attacked all the people in the wagon, this was stated on page 232 when it said “knocked him out of his car” (Sophocles 232). In addition Oedipus shows his superiority when he solves the riddle of the Sphinx. He did this to show his knowledge and skills to the people of Thebes. This was mention in the play when it said “It was true enough. It brought about your ruin.” (Sophocles 219). Lastly Oedipus lacked his knowledge when he thinks that his thoughts are better than anyone else. This is mentioned in the play when it said “could I have told that you’d talk nonsense that you’d come here to make a fool of

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