Analysis Of Robert Milton's Anomie Strain Theory

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Robert Milton’s Anomie Strain Theory is centered in the belief that society has a dominant and accepted set of norms/values and goals and those values direct us in the acceptable avenue of achieving said goals. Milton adapted his theory from Durkheim, who theorized that strain was due to a breakdown of society’s inability to control the goals and aspirations. Milton’s tweak on Durkheim states that social strain is created when the gap between socially approved goals and one’s ability and/or means to achieve set goals is present, not societies inability to control goals and aspirations. Success is measured when individuals achieve socially approved goals, and primarily measured by a person’s job/title, education, house, income, social status …show more content…
Agnew’s theory (General Strain Theory) considers individual goals, social position/class, personal expectations, as well as association with criminals. While exploring these considerations General Strain Theory allows us to identify the different types of strain, ways to measure strain as well as provides us with correlating factors that link crime and strain. The correlating factors contribute to co-morbid effects of Strain Theory to include the development of psycho-social emotions of anger, depression, fear and the development of ineffective coping mechanisms. The development of inadequate coping mechanisms and the continued exposure to strain would create an environment that Agnew predicted would create individuals who are more prone to willingly participate in or be coerced/exploited into participating in criminal …show more content…
The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Act of 2000, was the first to address domestic human trafficking (Letourneau and Shields, pg. 3) and it’s guidance was expanded through Safe Harbor Legislation created and enacted at state levels began in 2008. Procedural Guidance and Tools were also present in 2003, and helped to offer procedural guidance in prosecuting, rehabilitating and understanding the victimization of achild and adolescent trafficking victims as well as increased penalties for those who participate/facilitate the exploitation and trafficking of individuals. Safe Harbor Legislation in short identifies those children and adolescents involved in sex trafficking as victims who are and were without the ability to consent (Letourneau and Shields, pg. 4). Safe Harbor laws in general concept, consider three factors and all of which can be connected back to Strain Theory both Agnew and Morton; 1) Youth involved in prostitution are victims. 2). Sexually Exploited Children have needs that exceeded the capabilities of the Criminal and Juvenile Justice System., 3). Negative Consequences of a Juvenile or Criminal Justice response to sexually exploited children/adolescents is considerable. (Letourneau and Shields, pgs.

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