Analysis Of Rene Descartes's 'El Camino'

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DIFERENCIAL
“Nadie es capaz de señalar el lugar del cerebro dónde se desarrollan las buenas ideas.” This quote extracted from Miguel Delibes’ novel, from the fifties, ‘El Camino’, reflects how the brain has long-time been known to be the organ where intelligence inhabits, though no one has ever been able to precisely allocate where those ‘good ideas’ come from. The uncertainty surrounding this brain-intelligence dimension will consequently be exposed and discussed.

Professor Hunt probably makes the most astute and clever analogy that can be thought of in order to explain graphically how the brain works. He compares the brain to an orchestra. Initially, the author explains how the size of the orchestra influences the quality of the ensemble,
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Already in the ancient Greece, huge curiosity existed regarding the brain. Aristotle (384-322 B.C) believed that it was not the brain but the heart the one containing the mind and so regulating both emotions and thinking (QUOTE). Long afterwards, René Descartes (1596-1650) conceptualised a mind-body dualism (QUOTE) that reflected a separation between the brain and the body, but he never achieved the understanding that the brain was the “home of the mind”. Phrenology already opened the way to believe that there were some parts of the brain involved in some specific actions. Joseph Gall (1758-1828) divided the brain up to 35 different functional parts, although it was later on demonstrated that this division was not empirically supported (QUOTE). Many scientific studies were performed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, that, although very specific, focalised the investigations towards a more general and completely scientific view of the brain, such as those performed by K. Brodmann (1868-1918), C. Golgi (1843-1956) and S. Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934). Nonetheless it hasn’t been until the late twentieth century and nowadays that due to the development of neuroimaging techniques, a more general and complete view of the brain has been achieved (Hunt, 2011). These techniques, born as the consequence of Marie Curie’s great discovery: The X-Rays, can be divided into structural, …show more content…
The cingulate gyrus is in charge of connecting this cortex with other brain areas. The temporal lobe, located posterior and ventral to the frontal cortex, is involved in speech comprehension and production, as well as playing a crucial role in visual perception, along with the occipital lobe. The parietal lobe, dorsal to the temporal lobe, is in charge of coordinating movements in a sensory-motor ¬axis in a contralateral manner through the corpus callosum, and also supports the frontal lobe in some of the functions related to memory and attention. Finally, the occipital lobe, posterior to the rest of the brain lobes, analyses the majority of the low level visual stimuli (Hunt, 2011,

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