Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Republic ' Essay

1102 Words Oct 27th, 2014 null Page
Tripartite of the Psyche The author Plato’s central focus in “The Republic” is to answer the question—what makes a person just? To tackle this inquiry, Plato’s character Socrates, from pages 136 to 138 goes into detail, arguing why there must be the three parts to an individual’s soul. In this portion of the text, Socrates argues that a just person—an individual’s soul that has harmony between the three areas of the psyche—rational, appetite, and spirited; therefore, the person exhibits wisdom, courage, and moderation. Ultimately in this section of “The Republic” Plato, through Socrates, Rather, argues that a person’s being is considered just if the soul’s sections are working in harmony. Plato begins this section of “The Republic” by having Socrates explain the way he rationalizes the concept of the individual’s soul being divided up into three parts. Socrates opens page 136 by expressing how a person can be “thirsty and yet unwilling to drink” (136). In other words, he is saying that an array of reactions can be felt by a single physical experience or simply put, one’s soul can engage in opposing feelings simultaneously towards the same situation or object. This indecisiveness suggests to Socrates that, in these types of instances, there must be an internal conflict between two or more sections of the person’s psyche—a part that stops them from acting on a desire and another that brings about the initial yearning. Socrates characterizes these sections as the…

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