Analysis Of ' Othello ' By William Shakespeare And Hedda Gabler

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Psychological egoism is defined as the idea that deep down, we are always motivated by what we perceive to be in our own self-interest, even in what seems to be acts of altruism. This thesis is extremely prevalent within society today and in two pieces, Othello by William Shakespeare and Hedda Gabler by Henrik Ibsen. Both works of art are driven by those who desire power and freedom and will do anything to overcome their obstacles. Iago, Othello’s cunning and evil ensign can be compared to the despicable and manipulative Hedda Gabler despite the characters being written nearly three centuries apart. Iago, however, would not have been able to begin achieving his goals without Desdemona, a character who also compares to Hedda’s ambitions. Still, Hedda and Iago reflect one another in several ways from their egotistical perspectives and their willingness to put personal pleasures over the expense of others. The plot in each play follows the actions and obstacles that both Iago and Hedda encounter. It just so happens that both characters work to overcome these complications in similar manners. Iago and Hedda become obsessed with not only freedom, but obtaining power over others which leads the two to manipulate and ultimately lie their way to their demise. In Shakespeare’s work, the whole plot is focused on the idea that Desdemona is cheating with Cassio, which in turn, infuriates Othello. Therefore, it can be said that the actions within this play are driven by Iago’s…

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