Analysis Of North And South By Elizabeth Gaskell

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North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell is a novel that takes place in England during the mid-nineteenth century. The story revolves around Margaret Hale, a young adult clergymen’s daughter who, at the beginning of the novel, has been living with her upper class relatives in aristocratic southern England for the past ten years. The novel displays a group of changes, which appear when Margaret moves from the rural, aristocratic south to the industrialized north of England. Many of the changes that occur within Margaret’s life during the course of this play were major changes that occurred over the course of the nineteenth century. All of the differences that Margaret observes between the north and the south are derived from the fact that the …show more content…
North and South shows a number of changes that took place during the nineteenth century, such as the movement to cities, social mobility, the emergence of the middle class, class conflict, and unionization, that all derive from the heavy industrialization occurring during this …show more content…
The title itself shows how changes are occurring due to the growing differences between those places that are industrialized and those places that are not. The south of England represented the “old world” in the book. It was a rural place filled with two distinct classes, the upper class aristocrats, Margaret’s family in London, and the lower class rural workers, like many of Helstone’s poor villagers. These two classes had been set in stone and sense there was no means for upward social mobility these classes stayed the way they were. As the novel moves north to Milton there is a different feeling to the classes. Industrialization has spread rapidly in Milton and from the social mobility allowed in this new system a middle class emerged. This class came from people who were previously were in the working class and had worked their way to a higher level that separated them from the other workers. Mr. Thornton is an example of one of these people. He describes how that his father died while he was still in school and that he was pulled from school and had to go to work to provide for his family. This shows that, like the people who work for him now, he has been at a point where he has had to work for his money. He then describes that his mother made him put away a part of the money that he made every week and made him,

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