Early Medieval Literature

Improved Essays
From Spoken Words to Written Works Since the dawns of civilizations, people have used literature not only to express their feelings and their imagination but also to narrate what happened on their surroundings. During the medieval period there was a sudden rebirth of literature. Spoken legends orally composed were transformed into written poems and hymns. New writing styles were introduced by those poets and scholars who traveled with the Crusaders – people who went on expeditions for the recovery of the Holy Land. Medieval courtyards became full of songs when the medieval composers, also known as troubadours, sang about famous battles that involved important figures such as Charlemagne, Arthur and Roland. The theory of courtly love created …show more content…
Before long, stories of Arthur, his Round Table, and his famed brotherhood of knights took off. Many years later, the legends and tales told by the bards, together with the romantic and courtly tales of King Arthur, were eventually written down and made into a book form, becoming the first written compilation or embodiment of medieval literature (Alchin). According to Leah Shopkow, a History professor at the Indiana University, Geoffrey of Monmouth, a Welsh author and cleric, was the main source of information about the legends of King Arthur. He wrote “Historia Regum Britanniae”, also known as “The History of the Kings of Britain”, in 1136. This book detailed the old Kings and history dating from the Roman era and further climaxing with the reign of King Arthur (Shopkow). Likewise, a number of other books were written by Welsh about King Arthur and his legends. For example, “Llyfr du Caerfyrddin”, also known as “The Black Book of Caernarvon”, was written in 1250 and contained stories and poems relating to the heroes of Britain in the Dark Ages, including those connected with the legend of Arthur and Merlin – a famous wizard within the Arthurian legend. Other books such as “Historia Brittonum”, “Annales Cambriae”, “Chronicon Anglicanum” and “Mabinogion” are also known to contain …show more content…
Rev. John Stacey states that John Wycliffe, born in England in 1328, was a religious reformer who translated the Bible into English. In Germany, according to Hans Hillerbrand, Martin Luther was a cleric who protested against the practice of indulgences. He wrote a book, “95 Theses”, in which he propounded two central beliefs—that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds (Hillerbrand). Rev. Marie-Dominique Chenu confirms that, born in Italy in 1225, Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Dominican theologian and the foremost medieval scholastic. He is mostly known for his two masterpieces, the books “Summa Theologiae” and the “Summa Contra Gentiles”. As a poet, he wrote some of the most gravely beautiful, Eucharistic hymns in the church´s liturgy

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The development of the legend of king Arthur spans more than one thousand years. From the briefest mentions of a valiant warrior that fended off the Anglo-Saxon invasions of the island, to the elaborate in depth legend of a man destined to rule England with his knights of the round table. The development of this legend is a fascinating insight to how history was written, and more interestingly not written, and who ended up writing the version that stood the test of time. History is often written by the victor and not the defeated. Starting from the controversial battle of Mount Badon and when it happened, and multiple authors describing in great brevity the existence of a heroic figure.…

    • 2691 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The Baroque Period

    • 1576 Words
    • 7 Pages

    A time of emotion driven and self expressing music, the Romantic period utilised instruments like the contrabassoon, xylophone, drum, celeste and piccolo. As mentioned previously, Beethoven’s music paved the way for composers of the Romantic Period such as Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt, Richard Wagner and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Previous rules were thrown out the window in order to create new sounds filled with passion. Operas like Giuseppe Verdi’s La traviata became very popular showcasing the evolution of opera from the Baroque Period, all the way to modern day musicals like the previously mentioned ones. Franz Liszt composed the first ‘tone poem’ or ’symphonic poem’, an orchestral composition that is based off of a non-musical piece of work.…

    • 1576 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Merlin: Knowledge and Power through the Ages is an observation of Merlin and his different forms in the variety of literature written about him. In the books, films, poems, etc. written about him he is seen as a figure of knowledge. Knight follows the myth of Merlin and goes back to his earliest roots as the early Welsh figure of Myrddin. He traces the images of Merlin through the centuries of literature written about him.…

    • 1324 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Jace Gyles Justin Guidry History 1040 4 December 2015 The Epic of Gilgamesh and Its Place in World History The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic tale that has made itself a place in history. It dates back to the third millennium BC. It rose to fame out of Mesopotamia in the nineteenth century. It is believed that the epic existed for a period of time as an oral poem. Later it was recorded by the Babylonian writer Shin-Leqi-Unninni who recorded it around 1300-1000 BC.…

    • 1394 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    during this term there have been spiritual wars throughout the european countries that held a amazing impact on the human beings and it even pondered literature. OLD ENGLISH POETRY Old English poetry included long epic heroic poems,poetry become also based on historical activities. With a records of invasions and occupations.some are inside the types of poetry and describe numerous battles, for instance, "The struggle of Maldon" and "The conflict of Brunanburh".Beowulf is the exceptional-recognized and nice-preserved old English verse. Middle English literature The middle English length was a time wealthy in literature and the humanities, and it ranged from approximately 1100-1500A.D. whilst the vintage English duration ended and the center English duration began, it maximum probably began round 1100 when the English language commenced to take on an identity of its personal.…

    • 858 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The novel “The Castle of Otranto” is written by the well-known predecessor of the gothic fiction – the author Horace Walpole. He contributed greatly to the Gothic genre and inspired a lot of famous authors such as Edgar Allen Poe and Daphne du Maurier. His novel was published in 1529, but it is well-known that it was written a lot earlier, supposedly around the era of the first Crusade. In his work, Horace Walpole attempts to combine Old Romance with New Romance – supernatural elements and ordinary people. His novel is full of unearthly phenomena connected by religion and questions about heirs, foes, successors and marriage through some supernatural elements created by him.…

    • 2177 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Poetry Analysis

    • 1270 Words
    • 6 Pages

    A common theme found in sonnets is the theme of love. The meter and rhyme scheme is great to talk about love as the words naturally flow off the tongue. The Italian style was popularized by Francesco Petrarch who was known for writing about his admiration of a woman. The sonnet quickly spread throughout Italy and was formally known as Petrarchan sonnet. The sonnet consisted of two stanzas, the octave (first eight lines) and the sestet (the final six lines), the form totaled 14 lines.…

    • 1270 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The story gave an image that the middles ages were a time of the past. Dante’s use of mythology and rebellion against the church also influenced more writers to do the same. When the story had traveled to Europe and read by many writers, many people were influenced. Many writers of the Renaissance have close ties in their writings to the Divine Comedy. “If you take a look at Chaucer’s work, for example, certain stories from The Canterbury Tales such as “The Monk’s Tale” are heavily…

    • 1476 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The word mythopoeia was first used by J. R. R. Tolkien in the 1930s. The Authors in mythology genre integrate traditional mythology themes and archetypes into fiction. As similar to fantasy worlds or fictional universes mythology aim to evoke the detailed worlds of well-ordered histories, geographies and laws of nature. Mythology is defined as a genre in which the old Greek gods, such as Zeus, Poseidon and Hades are present and part of the story. It often includes heroes and how their life began as in low status and then is elevated to high status through a good deed.…

    • 1461 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Arthurian Legend is a collection of various stories which revolve around King Arthur, one of the legendary kings of Britain. These stories vary in their versions, interpretations, and spelling of names but their essences remain the same. They regale us with tales of the time prior to King Arthur’s conception to his rise to kinghood, tales of his adventures with his Knights of the Round Table, tales of the adulterous romance that occurred between his queen, Guinevere, and his knight and friend, Sir Lancelot, tales of the greater quest for the Holy Grail, and tales of the dissension among his knights, the destruction of his kingdom, and the allusion to his eventual death. The Arthurian legend has stood the test of time as part of the Matter…

    • 1433 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays