Analysis Of Markku Jahnukainen 's Article, Inclusion, Integration, Or What?

1208 Words Nov 28th, 2015 null Page
In Markku Jahnukainen’s article “Inclusion, Integration, or what?” the focus is on the perceptions that principals have in Finland schools versus those in Alberta, Canada. Jahnukaiken provides history on past-and-present ideologies and realities of education. To elaborate, in the 1960s there was the mainstream ideology of integration – enabling education to be easily accessed (2015). That being said, there has been a shift from integration to inclusion. The latter implements the principle of providing all students with education, despite any disabilities. This is expanded on by hinting that in reality, the contemporary education systems mostly support students with subtle/moderate learning disabilities; leaving those who fall under the “traditional disability group” being small minorities (2015:60). Based on the study, Jahnukainen argues the educational system in Alberta upholds the underlying theme of inclusion and exclusion. This implies that there are two distinct types of schools – one being regular, and the other being special. Hence, there is a segregation of students with learning disabilities, from those without. In comparison, the Finland education system used to be synonymous to that of Alberta’s, but it has developed from having two extremes (ex. regular and special) to a collective facility that incorporates special and regular schools (2015). This can be visualized as having ‘two neighbours under the same roof.’ This integration originates from what Jahnukainen…

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