Analysis Of Juvenile Justice System And Dipartites Amongst Minorities

1203 Words Dec 1st, 2015 5 Pages
Analysis of the Juvenile Justice System and Dipartites amongst Minorities The United States incarcerates more youths than any other development country; approximately 2 million juveniles are arrested annually in the United States (Barnet et al. 2014). Although juveniles are protected against cruel and unusual punishment by the Eighth Amendment, many states in the U.S. are creating and implementing new laws designed to be more stringent with the juveniles. These new laws range anywhere from setting curfews to trying a minor as an adult. Studies show that not only has there has also been an increase in the number of minority juveniles being arrested, but minority youths are more likely to receive harsher punishments as well (Mears, Pickett, & Mancini, 2015). Specifically, African American youths are roughly 5 times more likely, and Latino and American Indian adolescents are 3 times more likely, to be incarcerated than white minors (Barnet et al, 2014).
The Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment is especially recognized in Courts as it relates to juveniles. In 2005, in Roper v. Simmons, the Courts ruled under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments that it was unconstitutional to execute individuals under the age of 18. In 2010, in Graham v. Florida, the Court concluded that juveniles facing non-homicidal offenses could not be subjected to life without parole. Additionally, states must offer “some meaningful opportunity to obtain release based on…

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