Analysis Of John Stuart Mill And John Locke Essay

1163 Words Mar 24th, 2016 null Page
When analyzing the role of an individual within society, one must consider whether the individual retains sovereignty and autonomy under the weight of the society 's jurisdiction and power. John Stuart Mill and John Locke developed philosophies concerning the balance between society 's right to govern and regulate its people, and the right of the individual to access and express their human liberties fully. Mill 's philosophy emphasizes the importance of individualism and nonconformity in a society, and advocates that a just government is one that represents the interests of its people. Similarly, Locke 's philosophy also defines an ideal government by its duty to uphold the liberties of its people. Concerning the extent to which each individual has an obligation to society, both philosophers detail that if an individual lives under a just and democratic society, they have an obligation to promote its advancement, and obey its mandates. Expanding upon that principle, Locke contends that humans live in a state of Nature, and must adhere to the law of Nature (Locke 76). However, presenting a stipulation to their philosophies concerning the sovereignty of the individual, both philosophers concede that society undeniably has jurisdiction over the individual in one circumstance: when the actions of the individual physically harm, offend, or impose upon other individuals in the society.
Locke begins The Second Treatise on Civil Government by denouncing monarchical governments…

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