Analysis Of John Krumboltz's Social Learning Theory

970 Words 4 Pages
Krumboltz’s Social Learning Theory The Social Learning Theory developed by John Krumboltz is based on social learning as its fundamental element. Krumboltz felt that factors such as social, cultural, political, and economics affect a persons career decisions (Sharf, 2013). His theoretical conceptions work within the framework of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Sharf describes several methods for changing faulty thinking in reference to career issues. One of these includes clarifying goals so that they are precise, and identifiable. Explorations are done with the client, and from these, choices are formed. Coupled with the client’s choices, skills that need to be learned are assessed. Equally important, it is necessary …show more content…
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Another aspect of Krumboltz’s Social Learning Theory is that of planned happenstance. This means that the client takes action on their curiosity, and in turn creates chance events. By becoming receptive to these chances, new opportunities have the freedom to unfold. Applying this theory to Katie’s career goals, a few areas need to be explored; her task approach skills, cognitive and behavioral skills and planned happenstance. One of the primary goals is to identify Katie’s task approach skills. Clarifying her goals, and values, which can then be examined, restated, and alternatives explored. Second, any faulty beliefs need to be addressed, and reframed into positive ideas. By practicing or rehearsing positive statements, negative thought processes are replaced. During counseling sessions attention should be paid to any inconsistencies in her thoughts, and actions. Inconsistencies can be detrimental to pursuing career goals. Together with recognizing, and incorporating chance events, or planned happenstance, Katie needs to keep an open mind to new events. By initiating this learning process it will encourage her curiosity, persistence, flexibility, and risk-taking. Doing things out of her comfort zone is the key to growth. Finally, positive reinforcement increases the occurrence of positive outcome. Genetics, experiences, and environmental conditions also need to be explored as they will influence the outcome
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This theory differs from others in that it does not follow that ones beliefs, interests, and values stay consistent through the years. Instead, it follows the belief that one evolves, and grows throughout life. Super’s first stage is Growth, which occurs between the years of four, and seven. This stage deals with curiosity, fantasies, interests, and capacities. “Self-concept is usually developed in this stage, and is based upon actual, and perceived mental and physical abilities. Relationships and roles within the family, and peers play into beliefs and attitudes of their self concept” (Sharf, 2013). The following stage is exploration; this stage includes crystallizing, specifying, and implementing. The exploration stage occurs between the early teens and mid-twenties. During this stage one begins to understand different occupations more clearly, and imagine themselves in particular careers. The third stage, Establishment, is when the individual begins consolidating, and advancing in their career. This stage involves a person selecting, and entering a specific job. Self-exploration determines if it may, or may not be a good fit for them. The Maintenance stage usually occurs between mid forties to mid sixties, and involves innovation, and decelerating. In this phase the individual is usually

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