A. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), caused by exposure to a traumatic event, is a mental health condition characterized by recurrent nightmares or flashbacks, avoiding reminders/recounting the event, distorted mental processes or emotional numbing, and a persistently high state of arousal and reactivity (Institute of Medicine , 2014)
B. In the military, PTSD is caused by various elements of combat exposure during deployment.
1. In 2012, 5.2% of all service members were diagnosed with PTSD, while 8.0% of all previously deployed service members received the diagnosis (Institute of Medicine , 2014) C. Physicians are unsure why some individuals develop PTSD …show more content…
The human services model is concerned with helping clients alleviate problems in living, caused by issues that lie within the individual themselves and/or caused by the interaction between the individual and their environment or those around them (Woodside & McClam, 2015, p. 119) 1. The human services model addresses the issue of PTSD in an all encompassing fashion, by addressing the individual within the context of their environment and seeking out ways prevent and/or alleviate the occurrence and symptoms of PTSD. 1. The human services model views those suffering from PTSD as individuals who have experienced traumatic experiences in their environment, which have caused them or could cause them problems in living (Woodside & McClam, 2015, p. 120) 2. The human services model can help a client to develop problem solving skills, which help them to identify stressors that could cause or exacerbate the symptoms of PTSD (and therefore impact the client’s quality of life) and to develop ways to mitigate those stressors affect(s) on the client (Ruzek, et al., 2004). a. Can also help aid the transition of the client from a war zone back into their normal environment and pinpoint issues that may make this transition difficult, which could exacerbate the occurrence of PTSD (Ruzek, et al.,