Analysis Of Horace Mann 's Report For The Massachusetts Board Of Education

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As education is something we take for granted today, the idea that education up until recently, has been considered a luxury – available only to those able and willing to afford it, is surreal to us. As the demand for necessary universal education increased, opinions on schooling have shifted. In Horace Mann 's report for the Massachusetts Board of Education in 1848, he places confidence in the ability of education to be able to give people of all backgrounds an equal opportunity for success. He describes education as “the great equalizer of the conditions of men, – the balance-wheel of the social machinery”. Mann idealizes education as a force that will erase all class divides between people and provide them a sense of individualism. Civil rights are the rights to social and economic equality that people of all backgrounds are entitled to. This idea of “equal opportunity” can be tied to civil rights, as public education for students up until high school has become a right that students are entitled to by the law. While public education is a necessity in America, the extent of its effectiveness is questionable. Over the years, education in the United States has deteriorated due to declining test scores, insufficient preparation for college, and inequality in opportunity due to disparities in wealth, all of which cause American students to lag behind in comparison to foreign students. Since education is a civil right all students are entitled to, the failure of American…

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