Analysis Of Homer 's ' The Odyssey ' Essay

1044 Words Nov 3rd, 2015 5 Pages
Through books IX and XII of The Odyssey, Homer highlighted one of Odysseus’ most eminent tragic flaws, hubris; however, he exemplifies the change in Odysseus as a dynamic character- becoming more modest- through books XVII and XVIII. Before his shift in character, Odysseus had a copious amount of pride, which most often led to cataclysmic consequences for both him and his crew. One such instance where Odysseus’ self-confidence shone was in book IX, when he defeated the great Kyklops, Polyphemus, and escaped from its cave. As he sails off the island, Odysseus continues to taunt the beast from his ship. The shipmates- in exasperation- beg Odysseus to stop. However, Odysseus “would not heed them in [his] glorying spirit/ [he] let his anger flare and yelled/ ‘Kyklops,/ if ever a mortal man inquire/ how you were put to shame and blinded, tell him/ Odysseus, raider of cities, took your eye’” (Homer IX. 540-550). Throughout this passage, Homer uses many powerful words and phrases that exhibit Odysseus’ pride. Usage of phrases such as “glorifying spirit” and “let [his] anger flare” as well as “‘raider of cities’” effectively displays Odysseus’ boastfulness. The phrase “glorying spirit” displays Odysseus’ perspective of himself, showing that he held himself in such a high status that he did not need to listen even to his shipmates. Instead of doing so, he “let [his] anger flare”, meaning he used their pleading to add fuel to his fire of fury. Additionally, the fact that Odysseus…

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