Analysis Of Homer 's The Iliad Essay

1029 Words Mar 9th, 2016 null Page
As Above So Below: An Interpretive Essay on the Council of the Gods in the Iliad

“On golden Pavement, round the board of Jove,

The gods were gather’d ; Hebe in the midst

pour’d the sweet nectar; they, in golden cups,

Each other pledg’d, as down they look’d on

Troy.” (Iliad 4.1-4)

The first few lines of book four in Homer’s Epic the Iliad depicts one of the many assemblies held by the Greek Pantheon during the Trojan War. Throughout the poem, the Gods keep watch over and, in some instances, intervene in the war. By using the Gods in his poem, Homer is able to emphasize parallel events among the Trojans, who also mirror the events affecting the Athenians at the time of his writing. One of these events include the events of warfare depicted using Homer’s Greek Parthenon and the histories of Troy/Athens. Mythical interpretation of war, like that found in the Iliad, works in mythopraxis to reify the social memories and identity of the Hellenistic Greeks through this form of socio-drama.

“And on to other look’d and said, ‘What means

This sign? Must fearful battle rage again,

Or may we hope for gentle peace from Jove,

Who to mankind dispenses peace and war?” (Iliad 4.90-94)

During the time of Homer, Heroes, wars, and their battles are still popular tales to recall in company. Stories of Gods, divine heroes, and the battles during the Peloponnesian War still procreate themselves in the social memory of the Greeks. Having social memory within a group can…

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