Essay on Analysis Of Homer 's The Iliad And The Odyssey

798 Words Dec 7th, 2016 4 Pages
Homer’s epics have left an undisputable and profound influence on Western literature. However, outside of the realm of literature, Homer’s ideas about honor, kingship, and leadership continued to affect the political world hundreds of years after his death. Specifically, Homer’s impact on Alexander the Great played a central role in not only the way Alexander saw himself, but also in the way he established and ruled the largest empire on earth. From an early age, Alexander was exposed to The Iliad and The Odyssey under the instruction of his teacher, Aristotle. The parallels between Alexander and Achilles are striking; for instance, both are undoubtedly the most remarkable warriors. In fact, Alexander considered himself as the son of a god, specifically Zeus, in the same way Achilles was the son of the goddess Thetis. The manner by which Alexander conducts himself during war shows direct understanding of the lessons taught by Homer’s poems, especially The Iliad. Based on how Alexander led his soldiers during battle, it becomes apparent that he has understood that the best kings put themselves on the same level as their subordinates, which is one of the characteristics of the distinguished leaders in The Iliad. Early in The Iliad, Achilles chastises King Agamemnon for watching others do the fighting, and then taking the lion’s share of the spoils. Achilles criticizes Agamemnon sharply by saying, “You forget this, and threaten to rob me of a prize for which I have…

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