Analysis Of Hills Like White Elephants And The Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Gilman

Superior Essays
In the short stories, “Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway and “The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Gilman, the authors demonstrate how the two men suffer from mental illness by portraying their domination of women for their own desires. Through the readers perceptive, one can gain interest in these stories through how the egoistic characters, American and John, are dominating their women for personal satisfaction. American and John show similarities through their lust, pride and betrayal in each of these stories. For instance, American wants the girl to get an abortion so he can free himself from a problem that he has helped created and is not convenient for his lifestyle. John wants to keep control of the unnamed narrator by secluding …show more content…
A reader can also conclude that Jig’s inability to speak Spanish in a predominantly Spanish population has her relying heavily on American to help her communicate with others. This reliance where Jig is somewhat inferior to American in terms of communication adds to Americans’ dominating complex. According to Stanley Renner from Illionas State University, “Moving On the Girl’s Side of Hills Like White Elephants” believes that American is the dominating one in the relationship as Jig loves him too much to form an opinion on whether or not she wants to get an abortion. Stanley quotes, “three-fifths of the story sketch in a classic portrait of the deferential female, without a strong identity, an accessory to the male, to whom she has accustomed to look” (2). Jig’s submissive personality allows for American to further solidify his domination within their relationship. Jig’s inability to argue with American in fear of him leaving her has her furthermore sacrificing her child and continuing in this dominating-submissive relationship. As American is dominating and selfish, he doesn’t understand nor does he wish to understand Jigs’ feelings and what she may go through after the abortion. Stanley quotes, “By making the American so cavalier about a procedure he knows nothing about, one that would be an ordeal not for him but for the girl, fraught not only with …show more content…
The male character, John is an aggressive man whose ignorance of his wife’s problems shows clearly throughout the story. John, like American, also likes to dominate his wife by treating her like a small child. The author, “Monumental feminism and literature’s ancestral house: Another look at the “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Janice Haney-Peritz who is also the department of English, Beaver College quotes, “the narrator realizes herself in spite of John, that it can also be said that she realizes is not “her” self but self endangered by John’s demands and desires”(8). Janice also feels that the narrator feels that John’s dream consist of the girl who “crawls around the perimeter of the master bedroom, bound by an umbilical cord that keeps her firmly in place” (8). A reader would also agree with Janice by the way John tries to control her like a small child by putting her in a room filled with wallpaper despite knowing she is unwell and that he is a doctor. John is a man who relies on ignoring the problems associated with the narrator and in result controls her like a small child as the critic Janice says, “bound by an umbilical cord” (8). John is a character who doesn’t understand his wife’s problems and only adds to these issues by suffocating her in a room of ugly wallpaper and barred

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    In “The Yellow Wallpaper” Charlotte Perkins Gilman utilizes characterization to demonstrate how men abuse their power to ensure women are perceived as incapable beings, and how this abuse becomes internalized within women, resulting in complicity of oppression and deteriorated mental states. John employs his patriarchal and doctoral standings to diagnosis his wife as mentally ill, thus restricting her in misogynistic gender roles. Through John’s actions, his sister Jennie becomes complicit in confining the woman, as she sees that when women do not stay within the parameters of typical femininity, they are given detrimental treatments that generate and worsen mental illness. The woman internalizes John and Jennie’s actions until her mental illness takes over and she completely rebels. John is characterized as an aggressive man who abuses his power to ensure his wife is marginalized.…

    • 1246 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Lady Macbeth attacks Macbeth’s manliness so that he feels shameful and does what she tells him to do. She controls her husband and gives him the necessary instructions on what to do. She does not have female weakness, but instead she has masculine mind. Lady Macbeth as a woman demonstrates herself with the ability to keep her husband dependent on her. According to Sadowski, “Lady Macbeth regards her husband as psychologically dependent on her, not unlike a mother guiding her adolescent son” (7).…

    • 1441 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Unbeknownst to John, the room “perpetuated fear and bred paranoia” (Bak 2) in his wife, contrary to his actions that he thought would be helpful. The wallpaper is the most detrimental to her health, for she constantly thinks about it. Her life revolves around the wallpaper at all time. Not just one component of the house leads to the loss of her sanity, but a barrage of mentally taxing thought processes does. In conclusion, Gilman lays a framework for her story by using a personal document of the narrator, the environment, and foreshadowing.…

    • 1120 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This wallpaper weighs heavily on the narrator’s mind making itself the first thing she notices as wrong, and immediately vocalizes this to John. John’s response drips with jest—he laughs at her concerns and diminishes her authority in the matter. He makes the claim that “nothing was worse” for her than to “give way to such fancies” forcing her to endure the wallpaper despite her reservations (488). John removes her authority to live in a space where she feels comfortable. Gilman crafts a parallel between John’s disregard for his wife’s physical and mental autonomy, and the presence of this oppressive wallpaper.…

    • 1379 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    To make the situation worse, Oscar knew that he was scaring her, “…but he couldn’t help it” (317). Oscar continues to propose “…the plans he had to marry her and take her back to the States” and harass her, even after she told him about her fear (318). This relationship is clearly unhealthy when viewed through the lens of Miranda and Ferdinand. While Miranda quickly reacts to Ferdinand with passionate feelings of love, she respects him and pursues the relationship with mutual cues of interest. However, Oscar fails to listen to Ybon’s concerns and notice the lack of romance on her part, believing passionately…

    • 1568 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    As Hojjat and Nader discuss the situation, violence becomes involved has he becomes physical with Nader saying, “Sir, you’re single… my wife.” (A Separation 1:05:06). This heated argument confirms Razieh’s belief that Hojjat would have refused to let her work for a single male, even though they needed the money. Because gender roles are very important to society, the idea of a woman taking over the male 's role can be possibly jarring to some individuals. This is not a situation that is unique to Razieh and Hojjat. Farhadi creates a realistic portrayal of how a family unit can be strained by the…

    • 1779 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This is a very good example constant disregard Nick shows towards his wife which proves to the reader that Nick is a poor husband and that Amy is a victim of an egocentrical man. This is really the opposite of how Nick should treat his beloved wife. Amy only becomes real for Nick when he needs something to bolster his self centered ego. Amy’s feelings of disparity are evident when she writes in her journal “he uses me for sex when he needs to. he presses me against a table or over the back of the bed and fucks me,silent until the last few moments,those few quick grunts,and then he releases me,he puts a palm on the back of my small back,his one gesture of intimacy,and he says something that is that is supposed to make it seem like a game: You 're so sexy sometimes I can 't control myself” (185) Nick fails to realize that all of his egotistical actions do not go unnoticed.…

    • 1132 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    She also uses verbal irony to describe her feelings toward her husband. For example, she “gets unreasonably angry at John sometimes” (Gilman 487), she makes it feels like it wrong for a woman to develop anger and frustrations toward her husband. The society does not allow that kind of behavior. Verbal irony denotes the loss of self-expression. Moreover, Gilman uses dramatic irony to show that the perception of woman in the society do not always fit with the conventions for example, she says that she feels better because she has discovered the secret of the yellow wallpaper, but the reader can see that something is wrong with her finding an abstract object (wallpaper) alive.…

    • 864 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The incest relationships between Hamlet and Gertrude, and Oedipus and Jocasta demonstrate the sexual psychology argued by Sigmund Freud as the ‘Oedipus complex ‘. The two characters autonomy is challenged in regard to the choices they make given that they are influenced by their sexual childhood desires. This is highlighted in both texts. As a result of his envy towards his mother Gertrude’s sex life with different men, Hamlet frequently delays murdering King Claudius and resents both his mother and his late father King Polybius of Corinth. Oedipus is blind to the fact that he married and had children with his mother, Jocasta until it was too late.…

    • 1117 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In Moore’s story, Kit realizes that she had been fatally attracted to Jan. Kit loved how Rafe took off his clothes spontaneously before they got married. However, after the marriage she states “it [is] not good trying to stay married to one.”(584) Kit refers the nudist side of him as a “space-alien habit.” (585) She even goes further and blames his parents for raising him the way she hates and eventually this change in her love towards Rafe alienates herself from him. This ironical change of her mind brings changes into her attitudes. She starts to see her husband as a sociopathic man who is from another world and alienates him from her.…

    • 1047 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays