Analysis Of Haida Gwaii 's The Canadian Galapagos Essays

2123 Words Sep 23rd, 2016 9 Pages
Haida Gwaii is often referred to as the “The Canadian Galapagos” with over 6800 species of flora and fauna and presence of more unique subspecies than any other areas in Canada of equal size (Gaston, Golumbia, Martin & Sharpe, 2008). Haida Gwaii is located 80 km west of the mainland of British Columbia and is the largest and most isolated archipelago located on the west coast of Canada (Stockton, Allombert, Gaston & Martin, 2005). As the archipelago is within close proximity of the Pacific Ocean, the climate is a cool temperate, oceanic, humid to perhumid type that is largely moderated by movement of moist air masses off the Pacific Ocean (Banner et al, 2014). This climate gives rise to a temperate rainforest biome, which results in a plant cover of complex forests and nonforested wetland, maritime, and high elevation communities (Gaston et al., 2008). As coastal temperate rainforests are a globally rare biome, it is no surprise that roughly 52% of Haida Gwaii’s land area lies within protected areas (Banner et al., 2014). However, the preservation of Haida Gwaii’s unique ecosystems has been endangered over the past century due to introduction of the Sitka-black tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis). The Sitka-black tailed deer were introduced as a source of game for European settlers in the late 1800s to the northern area of Graham Island (Stroh, Baltzinger & Martin, 2008). Ever since the introduction, the population of the deer has grown exponentially to an average…

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