Analysis Of Grammatical And Phhonological Properties Of Jordanian Arabic

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1. Introduction:
The purpose of this paper is to provide a succinct overview of the grammatical and phonological properties of Jordanian Arabic, expanding on the topics discussed within paper 2. More specifically, through the use of data collected in four separate interviews with a bilingual Arabic native speaker, this paper will make hypotheses pertaining to the underlying syntax affecting the language’s construction and the phonological parameters present.

2. Syntax, continued:
In paper 2, it was hypothesized that in Jordanian Arabic the basic word order is identical to that of English and accordingly the differences observed between the order of English and Arabic sentences could be attributed to differences in the movement of constituents
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This claim was that prior to verb movement, Jordanian Arabic (like English) is head-initial. Because I have not yet collected any examples indicating the contrary, I cannot yet conclude with absolute certainty about whether there are specific instances or constituents in which head directionality is altered, but so far the data indicates that Jordanian Arabic is head-initial in all …show more content…
Due to limited amounts of data, I was only able to determine that full contrast existed between t and n, because I was unable to find any examples of j at the end of sentences, indicating that contextual neutralization could be occurring at the end of words. As a result, the js at the ends of words could be getting mapped to other consonants in order to satisfy the grammar. One way I could test this hypothesis is by analyzing the adaptation of English lone words that end in y or similar j sounds into Arabic. If the j sound is replaced in the Arabic adaptation, then I would know that contextual neutralization is occurring and not full contrast.

In Jordanian Arabic, when /t/ appears at the end of words, it is aspirated and pronounced /tʰ/ (at least in all the cases I analyzed). An example of this is the difference in aspiration between 8 and 10 when /t/ appears at the beginning of and end of the word. Because both values occur and their distribution is predictable (the aspirated version always occurs at the end of words), the relationship between /t/ and /tʰ/ is allophonic in nature.

None of the words or phrases collected show evidence of consonant clusters with more than 2 elements. This prompted me to hypothesize that there is a contextual constraint in Jordanian Arabic limiting the number of consonants between vowels and/or the beginning/end of words

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