Analysis Of George Kelling And Mark Moore Essay

1056 Words Oct 26th, 2014 null Page
George Kelling and Mark Moore (2002) argue that American police agencies entered a new “community era” of policing over twenty years ago. Constant changes to the way police operate has been a constant theme from the beginning of policing history. Kelling and Moore (2002) examine the progression of police strategies in detail dividing them into three distinct eras: the political era, the reform era, and the community era. The community era emerged around the same time James Wilson and George Kelling (1982) proposed the “Broken Windows” theory linking disorder and incivility to subsequent occurrences of serious crime, a major implication of the community era’s organizational strategy. Wilson and Kelling’s (1982) theory influenced American policing throughout the late 20th century and continues to influence modern policing today.
It is important to understand and examine the history of policing in America to understand how it has progressed to become what it is today. Kelling and Moore (2002) begin in 1840 with the political era and refer to it as a time when there were close ties between police and politicians. The political era was an organizational strategy aimed at crime control and order maintenance, and foot patrol was the primary tactic allowing police to integrate into the communities they served. During the political era, police agencies were fragmented, decentralized, and relied heavily on resources from political leaders. This led to corruption, which led to the…

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