Analysis Of Frantz Fanon 's The Wretched Of The Earth Essay

1284 Words Nov 7th, 2016 6 Pages
In the second and third chapter of The Wretched of the Earth, Frantz Fanon discusses the stakes of the struggle for independence. Continuing where he stopped in the preceding chapter “On Violence,” he elaborates on the dangers and possible pitfalls during and after the revolutionary struggle would prevent the former colonies to emerge as truly independent nations. At the center of Fanon’s assessment lays the development of a humanism that supersedes the nationalism that unifies in the revolutionary phase of liberation. In the second chapter, he focuses primarily on the role of national parties and on the long-term strategies to add a political and social dimension to the collective consciousness to prevent economic and political frictions as well as a continued exploitation of the masses under a new guise (136). Fanon criticizes national parties mainly for two things: first, their uncritical adoption of European socialist party doctrines, their failure to adjusting them to the colonial conditions; and second, for their failure to include the less politicized, rural masses in the struggle for liberation. Instead of being responsive to the needs of the peasants and the lumpenproletariat – the colonial equivalent of the European working classes – they would actually cater to the colonial bourgeoisie, the local working class, the longtime profiteers of colonial rule that have been deeply implicated in sustaining the system (108). Fanon is most concerned about the division…

Related Documents