In The Cause Of Architecture Analysis

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Part II- Frank Lloyd Wright

“A good plan is the beginning and the end, because every good plan is organic. That means that its development is inherent and inevitable”- Frank Lloyd Wright, “In the Cause of Architecture”

Le Corbusier was redistributing his city with an emphasis on the center of the city and on the complete other end of the spectrum Frank Lloyd Wright was eliminating the city center completely. Broadacre City was detailed in Wright’s 1932 book The Disappearing City. The book was called the disappearing city because Wright believed he was living in a time when the great urban centers ceased to exist anymore (Fishman 122). Broadacre City is an expansive city with no core, an endless suburbia. It is a new kind of city that is built
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Wright believed that the connection to the landscape should be through private property not public. There were three types of houses, minimum houses, medium houses, larger houses; and a distinction between owners’ homes and workers’ homes. There was large inequality is built in into Wright’s Broadacre City, which is reflective of his ideal that the individual should have the ability to provide for ones self. Schools, zoos, train stations, office buildings, commercial strips and other city buildings punctuate the vast spread of homes. There would be no centralization. He would prevent centralization from forming with strict rules, an example of this is that no elementary school could have more than 40 students (Fishman 137). Broadacre City would spread across the whole country, with no nodes of urbanism and some skyscrapers. There would be a few apartment buildings, but theses would be considered temporary residences to help city dwellers transition to the Broadacre …show more content…
Both men had radially different approaches but interestingly, some of the same goals. They both had been deeply influenced by the arts-and-crafts movement. Both cities were efforts to “revitalize work and reconcile man with nature” (Fisman 164).
A key social feature to Le Corbusier’s plan is the social factors. Both men understood the importance of the family in the city, but as usual approached it in opposite manners. In the Radiant City, Le Corbusier creates a stark division between labor and leisure. In Broadacre City, Wright aims to reconnect work and play into the individual home. In La Ville Contemporaine; social life occurs in large open expanses of space, playgrounds, parks and sidewalks. Compared to Le Corbusier’s plan where the socialization was focused in public places, Wright’s plan moves towards a more private socialization. The two main areas of socialization would be in private homes and the gas stations. Gas stations in Wright’s plan are referred to as the roadside market. Another node of socialization is the Community Center where there could be a zoo, golf course, racetrack, aquarium, planetarium, art gallery, theater and restaurants. Though these two social centers exist, the only true and allowable center of Broadacre City is the individual home. The family would be used to supplement the loss of centrality (Fishman

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