Summary Of Erikson's Psychosocial Theory

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“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today.” Malcolm X, responsible for the quote, had a rather unique development and education. Malcom X was raised in the segregated south and never learned how to properly read and articulate his words. While he was jailed for protesting the Civil Rights Movement, he taught himself how to read by reading the dictionary page for page. Typically, students in the twenty-first will have learned how to read and write, however, there will cases in which students had similar upbringings to the influential Malcolm X. The upbringing of a student is an important factor for a student’s future. Types of parenting styles and whether or not a student has their basic …show more content…
According to Anita Woolfolk, “Erikson’s psychosocial theory emphasizes the emergence of the self, the search for identity, the individual’s relationships with others, and the role of culture throughout life” (2015, p. 94). Erik Erikson created the theory in order to understand the correlation between children and surroundings throughout develop (Woolfolk, 2015). The psychosocial theory is made of 8 stages. Stage one is trust versus mistrust. Since it is stage one, it involves individuals who were just born to eighteen months. Infants will either develop a sense of trust or mistrust in their caregivers (Woolfolk, 2015). Stage two is autonomy versus shame and doubt. Toddlers who are not autonomous when it comes to walking and toilet training will be doubtful about their actions (Woolfolk, 2015). Erikson’s third stage is initiative versus guilt. Children, aged three to six years old, will start to become more independent with their actions. If a child is overly asserted, then it will lead to feeling shame about their actions (Woolfolk, 2015). Industry versus inferiority is the fourth stage, where children must learn how to deal with the commands of school and other factors. Young students who struggle in school will have feeling of disappointment (Woolfolk, 2015). The adolescence stage is identity versus role confusion. At this point of the psychosocial development, adolescences will be …show more content…
To relate back to Malcolm X, we are teaching the future and it is significant for teachers to connect and understand their students. By studying different theories, teachers will be able to identify ways to properly manage students and their needs. As a future educator, I will be invested in my students. With this, I will have to understand how one’s development will impact learning. For instance, Piaget believed that students the same age will placed in different stages. If I have a student who struggles in Social Studies, then I must spend every time to work with the student. We should never judge a student based on their development. Every student is unique and we must give them a fair chance to

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