Analysis Of Claudio Monteverdi's Oime, Il Bel Viso

The madrigal that is being analyzed is Claudio Monteverdi’s “Oime, il bel viso”(madrigal, a 5+bc; from Il sesto libro de’ madrigali [The Sixth Book of Madrigals], 1614; text by Francesco Petrarch, Canzoniere, sonnet no. 267). This madrigal can be seen as a piece that works as a coherent piece of music. This is madrigal works as a coherent piece of music with the help of repetition of motives in the madrigal, the divisions of the madrigal add to the whole piece to unify it, and relationship between the music Monteverdi and the sonnet Petrarch wrote. These three main reasons prove that when a composer wants to convey a piece of poetry they make sure that the music they are writing and the piece of poetry they are using are able to work together …show more content…
In this madrigal there are three main motives that are repeated in the piece. The first motive is first seen in m. 1 and is repeated 6 times. This motive is only repeated in the first part of the madrigal when the word “Oime” is being sung in the two top voices. The second motive, motive b, is seen in m. 3 and is repeated 5 times.
Motive b is seen in mainly in the alto and tenore part and is seen more throughout the madrigal rather than just one of the sections. The third motive, motive c, is seen in m. 97 and 99. Motive c is not a well known motive that is played throughout the whole piece, but it is one that is noticeable in the last subsection, 2c. These motives, when listening to the madrigal, can be easily picked up and recognized.
In Monteverdi’s “Oime, il bel viso”, he divides the madrigal up into two main sections. These sections are split in the way the sonnet is split. The first part of the section is for the first eight lines, which is called the octave, and the second is the last six lines, which is called sistet. The split is this way because it follows the
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Since there are two main sections in the madrigal there are also six subsections that are split between the two sections. In these subdivisions Monteverdi uses repetition to get the importance of a line across by repeating

the text and by adding a different musical styles to the line. Another use of repetition in this madrigal is the repetition of the word “Oime” at the beginning of the first three lines as well as the beginning of the fifth line.
This use of repetition is parallelism in the text. Monteverdi also uses motive a to for each time “Oime” is being sung by the canto or the quinto. The words to the sonnet from Petrarch, and the music that Monteverdi wrote to go along are both well done when put together. The sonnet Petrarch wrote is about a young woman whom he had fallen in love with, a woman named Laura. This sonnet in particular is about the moment that Petrarch heard of Laura’s death and is his reaction to the passing of Laura. Since this piece is a sonnet it is broken up into two parts, the octave and the sistet. The first part of the sonnet, lines one to eight talk about how this woman was so beautiful, and that if she were still alive she would still be this wonderful woman that he admired. In the last six lines Petrarch writes

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