Analysis Of Brown Vs. Board Of Education

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After the abolishment of slavery in the United States by the Emancipation Proclamation (1863), racial discrimination still widely defined the treatment of African Americans in the south. Discrimination became more structured with laws resulting from court cases like Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896). The Supreme Court ruled in the Plessy vs. Ferguson case that “Jim Crow type laws were constitutional as long as they allowed ‘separate but equal’ facilities” (www.newworldencyclopedia.org). However, the NAACP got the Supreme Court to review the Plessy vs. Ferguson court decision because most public schools, in the mid-1950s, were separate but lacked in equal resources and facilities. Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka (1954) resulted in the overturning …show more content…
An opportunity “where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms” (Shi and Mayer 280). The belief that segregation in public schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution, which outlined citizenship rights and equal protection, was also a major indication of injustice in the Plessy vs. Ferguson decision. The conclusion was soon reached that the ‘separate but equal’ doctrine was unfit in the public educational school …show more content…
However, the opposition that many whites had over the Supreme Court

decision was due to the reasoning that ‘separate but equal’ did not violate the Constitution. The decision to integrate schools caused resistance from southern whites because they also felt as though it diminished the power that the state had to regulate the educational system and the rights of the parents to determine the learning environment of their children. Federal Intervention for the integration of schools was necessary for the rights of African Americans and for the protection of the foundation of American

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