Analysis Of Benedict-Morality Is Not Relative
His objective theory affirms there is a universal validity of some moral principles. In studying different cultures such as Greek, Callatians, and Eskimos; he saw many differences but also universal morals in all cultures. He discovered that all cultures value telling the truth, caring for the young, and believed in not harming one another. These three principles are vital to a cultures ability to survive. Rachel points out in his argument three unfavorable consequences of cultural relativism. The first, states that we must not distinguish “customs of other societies as morally inferior to our own”. (471) Secondly, we can determine what is right or wrong by the standards of our society. Lastly, “moral progress is called into doubt”. Therefore, if progress means making things better by replacing old ways, then those social standards are able to change as well. This makes the idea of cultural relativism implausible according to Racheal because then cultural morals can then be changed. However, he still believes in the teleological theory where the answer to labeling an action as right or wrong is sometimes a nonmoral value.