Conspiracy Charges: Case Study

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Student’s Introduction
There is more than one interpretation to this hypothetical and so more than one IRAC is used. These IRACs use a combination of FYLSE style along with some extra citation content from the open book perspective. The IRACs here are arguments of potential solutions to the call of the question. The Subject Statement is used to infer the Subject and then the Rule.

State v. Arthur Subject Matter: Solicitation Charges

Subject Statement "Arthur asks Ben and Carl to help him steal whatever is valuable on the yacht."

Subject
Is Arthur Guilty of Solicitation?

Rule

Solicitation

Encouraging another to commit a crime with the intent they do it.

Solicitation occurs where a D requests or encourages another to commit a crime,
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There is no evidence that Arthur attempted to stop the crime. Instead of renunciation, Arthur, unlawfully boarded the yacht with Carl and stole diamonds.

As such, Arthur has no defense to solicitation.

END OF ARTHUR SOLICITATION CHARGE IRAC

State v. Arthur

Subject Matter: Conspiracy Charges

After "Arthur asks Ben and Carl to help him steal whatever is valuable on the yacht, The 'three [Arthur, Ben, and Carl] agree to board the yacht at night under the cover of darkness."

Is Arthur Guilty of Conspiracy?

"It is to be noted that in common law, no overt act is necessary to constitute the offense of conspiracy. Under some jurisdictions, it is necessary to prove an overt act in order to show that an indictable conspiracy exists. It is to be noted that an overt act need not be unlawful in order to constitute conspiracy."[2]

Rule

Conspiracy
1. is an agreement between two or more people, to do either an unlawful act or a lawful act by unlawful means;
2. with specific intent to commit the unlawful act;
3. and Modern Law requires an overt act
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Arthur Subject Matter: Burglary Charges

"Arthur and Carl board the yacht and steal several thousand dollars worth of diamonds."

Is Arthur guilty of Burglary?

Rule

COMMON LAW BURGLARY is the BREAKING and ENTERING of the DWELLING HOUSE of ANOTHER in the NIGHTTIME with the INTENT to COMMIT a FELONY THEREIN

Modern Law

Under Modern Law , a boat is a structure covered under burglary law..

"Under Modern Statue, often the requirement that the entry be accomplished by a breaking is eliminated. As a result, any entry - however accomplished (even without a breaking) - is sufficient."

APPLICATION

ELEMENT 1. BREAKING;

The “BREAKING” under Common Law consists of creating an opening for entry into the building. Under Common law breaking is required but under modern law breaking is not required. Here, the facts explicitly indicate that Arthur and Carl Board the Yacht.

Thus, Arthur and Carl committed a BREAKING.

ELEMENT 2. ENTERING;

Under Common Law ENTERING occurs when there is physical intrusion into another 's dwelling by any part of the intruder 's body. Here, the facts explicitly indicate that Arthur and Carl Board the Yacht.

Thus, Arthur and Carl committed an

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