Analysis of Alzheimer’s Disease Based on the D.N. Case Study.

1210 Words Jan 6th, 2015 5 Pages
Analysis of Alzheimer’s Disease based on the D.N. case study.

D.N. developed Alzheimer’s disease at age 50. Early signs were vague and included

occasional errors in judgment and increased criticism of others, noted only in retrospect.

Several years later, following several episodes of extreme anger, a diagnosis of

Alzheimer was made. At this time, it was suspected that his father also had AD but had

died from an unrelated cause before the diagnosis was could be made […]

The neurologist prescribed gelantamine, an anticholinesterase inhibitors and regular

attendance at a group center offering appropriate activities […] The degeneration

progresses rapidly over the next 2 years. The maximum dose of galantamine
…show more content…
522).

Despite years of active research there is no known specific cause of the

neurodegenerative process that results in AD, however “some factors, such as genetic

abnormalities, accelerate the onset of the illness” and can result in the early onset of AD

(characterized by the disease manifested before the age of 65 – as with our case of Mr. D.

N who had his first sign of mental changes at the age of 50). Studies have found that

several genes have been associated with an early onset of AD leading to a conclusion

that, Alzheimer’s Disease is at least partially a hereditary condition. Gene mutations on

chromosomes 1, 14 and 21 have been identified to influence onset of presenile dementia

of Alzheimer’s type. With that in mind, presence of AD in families is less random than

previously thought and familial factors can be additional clue in identifying risks for AD

(this is why in our case Mr. D.N’s condition is very likely linked to the condition of his

deceased father) (Gould, Dyer, 2010) (Miyoshi, K. (2009).

Familial history can be especially useful with diagnosis of early stages of AD as

the initial neurological changes are very vague and minimal and difficult to spot. Mood

swings and irritability are the most common behavioral changes observed but are often

missed especially if affected people live by themselves. Forgetfulness and

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