Analysis Of A Dorsata And T. Itara Bee Bread

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III. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
III.1 A. dorsata and T. itama bee bread composition Laboratory analysis of A. dorsata bee bread showed that percentage of protein reached 13.82% (wet weight) and 19.96% (dry weight), lipid 7.80% (dry weight), fiber showed a value of 3.38% (dry weight) and 44.52% (wet weight). All of components in A. dorsata bee bread are placed in the range given by Compos et al., (2008) (Table 1).
Table 1. Detailed composition of A. dorsatabee bread (dried mass).
Main components Content (% of dry weight) Test Result Range Result (min-max) (Compos et al., 2008)
Proteins 19.96 10 – 40
Lipids 7.80 1 – 13
Fibre 3.28 0.3 – 20
Ash
Carbohydrate 5.94
25.60 2 – 6
15-33

Based on the amino acid analysis showed that A. dorsata and T. itama
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When it mixed with honey, pollen will run into a lactic acid fermentation process in order to produce the material called bee bread. Because of fermentation by lactid bacteria, bee bread of A. dorsata contains high levels of vitamin E and K. As a result, it will enrich the composition of bee bread as the primary source of protein for honeybee colony. On the other hand, vitamins and minerals that available on bee bread are also used by the bees to produce enzymes, pheromones, venom, and a variety of catalysts which aid in biochemical reactions involved in …show more content…
dorsata`s and T. itama`s bee bread are placed in the intermediate/middle category. This phenomenon probably happened because the structure of bee bread formation are coming from many types of pollen in the tropical forest that have such diversity of types of pollen. Therefore, when the pollen is taken and stored in the hive, it does not only take from one or two types of good quality pollen (pollen which has minimum 18% of crude protein) but also come from low quality pollen (pollen which has less than 18% of crude protein). As a consequence, the crude protein value given above is a average of all pollen. However, this results contrast to some of the results in Figure 1 which has the specific pollen plant. This is presumably because the ecosystem is used for beekeeping in the northern hemisphere (Europe) are relatively homogeneous and honey bees used as pollinators agents at some commodities in figure

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