Anabolic Steroids And The Male Hormone Testosterone Essay

1357 Words Mar 25th, 2016 6 Pages
Steroids, also known as anabolic-androgenic steroids or AAS, are considered to be a class of steroid hormones related to the male hormone testosterone. They are assumed to increase protein synthesis within cells, which results in anabolism (growth) of cellular tissue, especially in muscles. Anabolic steroids also have androgenic and virilizing properties, including the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics such as the growth of the vocal chords and body hair which is where the assumption of testosterone comes into play. The word anabolic comes from the Greek: anabole, "to build up", and the word androgenic comes from the Greek: andros, "man" + genein, "to produce".
Anabolic steroids were first isolated, identified and synthesized in the 1930s, and are now used widely in medicine to stimulate bone growth and appetite, induce male puberty, and treat chronic wasting conditions, such as cancer and AIDS. Anabolic steroids also produce increases in muscle mass and physical strength, and are consequently used in sport and bodybuilding to enhance strength or physique. Serious health risks can be produced by long-term use or excessive doses of anabolic steroids. These effects include harmful changes in cholesterol levels (increased bad cholesterol and decreased good cholesterol), acne, high blood pressure, liver damage, and dangerous changes in the structure of the left ventricle of the heart and some have said is a causative factor of testicular cancers.

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