An Introduction Of Intelligence Testing Essay

1554 Words Sep 17th, 2015 null Page
An Introduction to Intelligence Testing The term intelligence begs an important question. How can something be measured when it is indefinable? Numerous scientists, psychologists, theorists, neurologists, and many more can concur that intelligence does exist. Yet, to date, none of them can agree upon a universal defini-tion. Therefore, intelligence is known only to be a scientific construct (Floyd & Kranzler, 2013). Over the years, individuals have attempted to delimit intelligence by means of research, assess-ments, and theories. Beginning as early as the 19th century, Francis Joseph Gall presented the scientific measuring tool known as phrenology. He believed mental qualities and functions could be evaluated according to specific faculties mapped out in the brain (Wasserman, 2012). Fast forward hundreds of years, and today there exists an abundance of contemporary theories both well known and generally accepted. Two of those modern theories are the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities and the Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive (PASS) cognitive processing-based theory of intelligence. Both are exceedingly complex and are still being modified to this day based on current research. Both theories have accepted strengths, criticisms, and evidence of applied usefulness, all of which must be extensively analyzed before the concept of intelligence can be fully understood and adequately measured.
The Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, and Successive…

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