Essay on An Example Of Downward Counterfactual Thinking

1406 Words Apr 2nd, 2016 null Page
The text mentions “how in 1994, Roese proposed that thinking counterfactually simply is functional in two ways such as; preparative function (for which helps us to avoid the recurrence of negative outcomes) and affective function (thinking in ways to help individuals feel better)” (Chapter 6, pg. 62). The text also mentions about “how when one or any individual fails to achieve a goal, it can often lead to a negative affect which in turn can either activate upward or downward counterfactual thinking” (Chapter 6, pg. 62). In regards to Additive upward counterfactual thinking, this is when an individual uses their mind to come up with a response towards an event or situation on how things could have been better if and so forth. As for subtractive downward counterfactual thinking, this is when an individual uses their mind to come up with a response in a way to help the individual feel better about a certain event or situation. An example of downward counterfactual thinking would be, “If I did not make my fiancé take out the trash last night, then we could have woken up to a mess in the Kitchen that would not be fun to clean up”. My fiancé and I have an Austrian Shepherd that has a tendency to get into the trash when we are asleep if the trash can is not secure or the trash is not taken out from time to time. As for upward counterfactual thinking, an example would be “If only I had not stayed up late last night, then I might not have been late for my friends get together…

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