An Analysis Of Susan Mann 's Article Had Exploded The Widowhood Of Qing Dynasty

1114 Words Nov 17th, 2015 null Page
Ancient China was built largely on the principle of Li. Women chastity and Jingbiao system were the products of the ideology of Li, which further served as a means for rulers to promote moral standards. Susan Mann’s article had exploded the widowhood in Qing dynasty in great details. Mann emphasized “ the discourse on widowhood was a malleable discourse, shaped not only by class difference, but also by historical events that transformed the meaning of chaste widowhood”. She managed to explain her ideas clearly through further looking into historical backgrounds and family structure of widowhood although few areas were overlooked.
Mann evaluated the development of widow chastity clearly in her article and explicitly depicted what was the Jingbiao system in Ming and Qing Dynasty like. However, she failed to take into account the complete different attitudes of Ming and Qing rules towards xunjie, which was the practice that a woman suicides to follow her husbands death. In Ming Dynasty, xunjie was largely appraised by the ruler. Even for the ruler himself, after his death, a few of his concubines and servants were required to be buried together with him. This practice was not rare in Chinese history and was called xunzang. Due to the presence of xunzang, which seemed to be only feasible fo r the royal family, the commoners became the supporter of xuejie which shared similar ideology with xunzang. In Kangxi’s period, an official raised a point, “love for death and hatred for…

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