Amr Ibn Al Aas Biography

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Amr ibn al-aas belonged to the Banu Sham[1] clan of the Quraysh. He was born in Arabia in the city of Makkah. His father’s name was Al Aaas Ibn Wa’al who owned a perfume business. He was very rich and had an importance in the clan of Banu Sham. He was a chief of his clan. Amr ibn al aas joined his business at a very young age and had an opportunity to visit neighboring countries and deal with different people. He established personal friendly relations with many governors and kings both in Arabia and beyond.
Amr ibn al-aas was educated in his childhood. He was known for his intelligence and sharp mind and possessed high mental capabilities. He also received military training and was always ready to fight to protect the interests of his tribe.
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But deep inside in his heart he knew that eventually Muslims would triumph over their enemies. Knowing this, he decided to leave Makkah before Muslims over took it. He left for Abyssinia hoping to live under the protection of king Najashi. He thought that if Muslims established an oppressive government in Makkah, he would be saved from it and if Muslims rule was favorable, he would return to Makkah. Amr along with his companions arrived with expensive gifts to soften the heart of king. When they were entering the court of Najashi, they saw the ambassador of the Prophet leaving. Amr fired up, for vendetta, and requested the king to let him kill the ambassador. At this Najashi not only rebuked him for his anger, but even asked Amr to embrace Islam. In disbelief, Amr asked him if he really believed that Muhammad (s.a.w.w) was a true Prophet. After the king confirmed he become ready to embrace Islam, became a Muslim and pledged allegiance to Islam in at the hands of the Najashi[4]. After this, Amr left for Madina so that he could pledge allegiance to the Prophet himself. On his way to Madina he met Khalid bin Waleed and Uthman Ibn Talhah who were also going to Madina for the same purpose. After all they had done to extinguish the light of Islam, Amr embraced Islam in the presence of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w). He recited kalmia and asked Holy …show more content… Archived November 2, 2007, at WebCite
2. Andrew Beattie, Cairo: A Cultural History, p. 94
4. Sahih al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah, p. 494; Siyar A`lam al-Nubala’, 3/60; Ibn Hisham: Al-Sirah, 2/276
5. Muslim: Kitab al-Iman, no. 121
6. Al-Tabaqat, 11262; Ibn Hazm: Jawami` al-Sirah, p. 24, 29
7. ltmam al-Wafa’ bi Sirat al-Khulafa’, p. 55
8. Al-Azdi: Futuh al-Sham, p. 48-51
9. Tarikh al-Tabari, 3/605; Ibn al-Athir: al-Kamil, 2/498
10. Siyar A`lam al-Nubala’, 3/70
11. Veccia Vaglieni, Il conflitto’Ali-Mu’awiyacla seccessions khanigita riesaminat alla lucedi fonti ibadite’ in Annali dell’Istituto Universitario Orientale Napoli, N.S. IV 1-94 translated by Madelung, Wilferd
12. Marsham, Andrew (2012). "The Pact (Amāna) Between Muʿāwiya Ibn Abī Sufyān And ʿamr Ibn Al-ʿāṣ (656 Or 658 CE): ‘Documents’ And The Islamic Historical Tradition"
13. Ayoub, Mahmoud. The Crisis of Muslim History: Religion and Politics in Early Islam.
14. Al-Tabari. The History of Al-Tabari. Trans. G.R. Hawting. Vol. 15=== Holt, Peter Malcolm, etal., eds. The Cambridge History of Islam.
15. Holt, Peter Malcolm, et al., eds. The Cambridge History of Islam.
16. Tadhkirat Al-Qurtubee, p.19

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